Water is a vital element for all life on Earth and one of the most valuable natural resources. Although water sources may seem abundant (think of the oceans and the seas), less than one percent is actually available for human basic needs.
The relationship between environment and human population is interlinked The human population has harnessed many of the world’s natural waterways—building dams, water wells, vast irrigation systems and other structures that have allowed civilizations to grow and thrive. But water systems are increasingly stressed, and some rivers, lakes and aquifers are drying up.
According to the World Wide Fund for Nature, almost two-thirds (32%) of the world's population will be affected by water scarcity by 2025 Although there are many factors that could lead to this disaster, the main one is uncontrolled population growth.
The negative effects that humans have on the earth's finite resources, particularly water, will be more apparent as the population continues to grow. This will lead to severe water shortages in many areas, which will cause instability in food production, industry and social order.
To limit the chaos and conflict that can result from limited water resources, it is necessary to reach a compromise between all countries.
Today, 41% of the world’s population lives in river basins that are under water stress. Concern about water availability grows as freshwater use continues at unsustainable levels. Furthermore, these new faces also need food, shelter, and clothing, thus resulting in additional pressure on freshwater through the production of commodities and energy.